The Sanskrit Classics
Self publishing founded in 1984
by Swami Satyeswarananda Giri
"In fact, speaking in terms of Self Realization is a Deception; as there is nothing to realize the Self; because, the Self is ever realized. Freedom is ever present in the Self, and the bondage is ever absent. Hence, all there to do is to dissolve one's own sense of egoism (in the very source of the innermost point of the mind) which is wrongly assumed upon the Pure Self as the false individual identity".
Faith is Biswas.
If the Sanskrit word Biswas is scanned, it will be two: Bi and Swas.
Bi means Bilaya (Dissolved), Bigata (Passed), and Bises (Special).
Swas means Breath.
Therefore, the word Biswas means the "Tranquil Breath".
God is a Spirit. John 4:24
What is Spirit? The English word Spirit is derived from the Latin word Spiritus which means "Breath." Therefore God is the state of "Tranquil Breath." Tranquil Breath is the seat of the Lord (the Self) since the Tranquil Breath is the universal ground of all religious faiths.
Therefore, Spirituality is to attain the Tranquil Breath or the Tranquil Prana by the practice of Kriya Pranayam, and to dissolve the wrongly assumed false identity of the individuality (ego).
Thus the Self Realization is a Deception.
Any preacher, who teaches "self realization" with the spirit of philosophy of prosperity to gain results, is confusing the people even more.
- S. S. (Swami Satyeswarananda).
What is initiation (diksha)?
One must FIRST read these most important verses from the Prime God, the Great God, Maheswar, the Great God of Yoga (Mahayogeswar) Lord Siva, what he said :
Kularnavamidang sastrang Yogininang hridi sthitam.
Prakasitang maya chadya gopaniyang prajatnata.
The Kularnava Sastra 17:102
"This Kularnava Sastra (scripture) is established in the heart of the Yoginis (the female yogis), I [Siva] just reveal it today. It is necessary to keep carefully secret."
By this verse, Lord Siva characterized the message, the conversation, between his divine consort (Ma Parvati) and himself as the Kularnava Sastra. The reference is in the Sanskrit text in the verse.
The importance of the Yoginis will unfold in the following verses.
Aditwat sarbamarganang manollasaprabardhanant
Jgyadidharmahetutwadamnaya iti kirtita. The Kularnava Sastra 17:48
It is the prime (adi) of all paths (margas). It increases the joy of the mind, and it is the cause of the Jagyas (rituals), therefore, it is called Amnaya (scripture).
Bina dlkshang na mokshang syattduktang Siva sasane.
Sa cha na syadwinacharyamityacharyaparampara. The Kularnava Sastra 14:3
Anyayena tu jo dadyat grihnatyanyasnatascha ja.
Dadato grihnato devi kulasapo bhabisyati. The Kularnava Sastra 14:10
Kritwa samayadikshancha datwa samahapadukam.
The Kularnava Sastra 14:15
Gurusisyabubhou mohadaparikshya parasparam.
Upadesang dadada grihnan prapnuyatang pisachatam. The Kularnava Sastra 14:11
Jadrichhaya srutang mantrang dristenapi chhalena cha.
Patre sthitang na cha adhyapya tajjapa syadanarthakrit. The Kularnava Sastra 15:21
Pustake likhitanmantran bilokya prajapasti je.
Brahmahatyasamang tesang patakang parikirtitang. The Kularnava Sastra 15:22
Mantrarthang mantra chaitinang yonimudrang na betti ja.
Satakoti japenapi tasya siddhir na jayate. The Kularnava Sastra 15:60
Girvanaganapujatwad Yogiti kathiikathita priye. The Kularnava Sastra 17:21
Divyabhabapradanachha kshalananat kalmasasya cha.
Diksheti kathita sardbhibhababandhabimochani. The Kularnava Sastra 17:51
WITHOUT INITIATION (DIKSHA) THERE IS NO LIBERATION (MUKTI). THIS IS THE ORDER OF SIVA (SIVA SASANE); AND WITHOUT GURU (ACHARYA) THERE IS NO INITIATION (DIKSHA). THEREFORE, THE ACHARYA-PARAM-PARA, THAT IS, GURU-PARAM-PARA IS PRESCRIBED. 14:3
DEVI (GODDESS)! WITHOUT THE RULES (ANYAYENA), THAT IS, VIOLATING THE RULES OF THE SCRIPTURES, HE WHO GIVES MANTRA, AND WHO RECEIVES IT, BOTH RECEIVE THE "CURSE" OF THE SAKTI (KUNDALINI, THE DIVINE MOTHER). 14:10
In this connection, it must be pointed out that the mantras are composed with the varnas or the letters; the Yoginis (the women Yogis), are associated with the varnas; thus they are called "matrika" (mother, see list below). Therefore, Yoginis being "INHERENTLY" associated with the letters of the mantra, in fact, essentially are holding the KEY of the mantra and the Kundalini Power. Till they are satisfied with the manner of worship with "FULL RESPECT (sraddha)", or their favorite DRINK (there is a process to make the favorite drink which is very complicated, furthermore, some ingredients are difficult to find; mentioned in the book, Chapter 5 verses 16-20), Yoginis will not open the door of "SPIRITUALITY" to the seeker, and the pitfall is awaiting for him. This is a great obstruction of the male seekers who have pride being masculine.
|1. Brahmi||5. Vaisnabi|
|2. Maheswari||6. Kaumari|
|3. Oindri||7. Chamunda (Kalimata), or Koveri,|
|4. Varahi||8. Mahalaxmi or Charchika.|
However, all Sanskrit varnas or letters are associated with the Yogini or matrikas.
GIVING INITIATION AND MANTRA ACCORDING TO THE RULES, THE GURU CAUSING THE DISCIPLE TO SIT NEARBY (SANIDHYE) WILL UTTER THE MANTRA, NOT ANY OTHER WAY. 14:15
That means when the Guru will utter the mantra, the sound will enter into the ears of the disciple (who is sitting nearby) and ignites or attunes internally the system (body-mind-self). That is the righteous way of initiation.
WITH BLINDNESS OF HEART (MOHA) IF THE GURU AND THE DISCIPLE WITHOUT TESTING EACH OTHER, ARE ORDERLY GIVING AND ACCEPTING THE ADVICE, THEN, BOTH GET INFERIOR BIRTH OF PISACH (KIND OF A GHOST). 14:11
IF THE (ADHYAPYA) MANTRA (THAT WHICH IS TO BE RECEIVED PERSONALLY FROM THE GURU) IS HEARD FROM HERE AND THERE, OR IS WRITTEN ON A LEAF OR PAPER (PATRE) WHICH IS SEEN BY OTHERS (THUS HAS LOST THE SECRECY), AS A RESULT, ITS CHANTING (JAPA) BRINGS "HARMFULL EFFECTS TO THE PRACTITIONERS". 15:21
The Additional Explanation : The same advice of leaf (patre, the Sanskrit word referred to in the text) is applied to "written lessons of the modern mass education for commercial purposes".
Those who chant mantra taken from the printed books (puskate), receive sins equivalent to killing a brahmana (brahmahatya); it is said. 15:22
In spite of ten billion (satakoti) times chanting the mantra, the seeker who does not know the following three, cannot become successful. In other words, his mantra does not become siddha.
1. the meaning of mantra (mantrarthang),
2. making the mantra alive or chaitanya), and
3. the Yonimudra. 15:60
Priye (Dear)! One whose mantra become sparked (phurita) for the inquiry of the Yonimudra and who is worshipped by the gods (givrans, whose words become true), is a YOGI. 17:21
According to this verse, the very "definition" of a being a Yogi depends on the YONIMUDRA, and not any other mudra unknown to the scripture.
There is reference of the "Yoni mudra" in the Vedic as well as in the Tantrik literatures of the Aryya Civilization, but never one can find reference of the Jyoti mudra. Thus, teaching Jyoti mudra is a clear violation of the scriptures.
Now, if we read the verse numbers 14:10, 14:11, 15:60 and 17:21 "together", it will be abundantly clear who are going to have the ill effects from this situation; those who are involved in violations as a teacher and as the followers.
Be aware of the sword of "CURSE" of the Sakti (Kundalini) which has already fallen on the existing followers and it is hanging over the heads for the future ones. (14:10).
Also, both are faced with the birth of "an inferior creature, a PISACH". (14:11)
Divyabhabapradanachha kshalananat kalmasasya cha.
Diksheti kathita sardbhibhababandhabimochani. The Kularnava Sastra 17:51
That which provides the divine sentiments and removes the sins, for this reason, the sages and the Yogis call it an INITIATION (DIKSHA).
University of Calcutta
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The Author, Student of philosophy and law at the University of Calcutta
The Author, Attorney (Advocate) and Professor of Law
Swami Satyeswarananda Maharaj sponsored the following endowments in the Philosophy Department of the University of Calcutta (he was an alumni of the University and the Calcutta University College of Law)
Blessed are the Bengalis; for they received the Original Kriya Path. Right from Mahamuni Babaji’s principal Kriya disciple, Lahiri Mahasay, to the present day all the Original Kriya Masters (Guru-param-para - lineage of Guru) 99.9% are Bengalis. They used Om (representing Mahamuni) in Bengali Script. That is why the Bengali Script of Om is used traditionally over the Devnagiri Script to represent him. He has not given his photo to the world. Mahamuni’s photo cannot be taken by a camera.
Some American artist drawing sketches as per Yogananda’s instruction made a portrait. Know it for certain that it is NOT a real photo. It is true that Mahamuni looks like Lahiri Mahasay, but not like a body builder.
A camera failed to take Lahiri Mahasay’s photo; it was possible only when his permission was granted. Produced here is the only photo of Lahiri Mahasay in black and white (original).
Since Mahamuni Babaji, the Divine Himalayan Yogi, commissioned this body in the Himalayas to re-establish the ancient Kriya yoga discipline and sent him to the United States, it becomes imperative to highlight a few fundamental features of the ancient Kriya discipline; otherwise, this body could remain silent in the spirit of Atmanyebaatmanatusta (Gita 2:55), "Satisfied in the self by the self within."
Srinantu biswe amritasya putra - Upanisad.
"Listen to this, Oh, the sons of nectar of the world!"
1. The ancient original Kriya discipline is a pure and scientifically proven established discipline from the very ancient days. It has no room at all whatsoever to improve or modify. If someone says or does otherwise, one must know that is for accommodating their own limitations, weaknesses, and egotistic, individualistic, petty commercial and vested interests. This is the simple truth.
(Total realization means total "detachment" in letter and spirit; no ifs and buts; for example, Lahiri Mahasay's one sixteen years old married daughter, visiting her parents became sick and was dying in the upstairs, while Lahiri Mahasay was listening to the Bhagavad Gita read by his chief disciple, Panchanan Bhattacharya downstairs surrounded by other disciples. Lahiri Mahasay's wife, Kashimoni Devi, came downstairs which was a rare event, and at her request, he gave her an herb and asked her to apply it. But while she was going back upstairs, a thought generated- if she applied the herb, her in-laws might blame her (in case it was fatal) for what kind of medicine she gave to her. So she did not apply the herb and the daughter died. At certain point Bhattacharya Mahasay stopped reading the Gita. Lahiri Mahasay said, "They are doing their works, you do yours." Panchanan Bhattachaya obeyed and resumed to read the Gita. Then crying became louder from the upstairs; Bhattacharya Mahasay said, "I do not feel like reading." Lahiri Mahasay said, "Then stop". Such was the degree of detachment in Lahiri Mahasay.
(Lahiri Mahasay expressed his realization in Bengali:
Ami kichhu noi, amaro kichhu nai.
(Please be aware of these people in your search for Kriya. They are the polluters of the ancient and pure Kriya discipline. Unfortunately, they are innumerable out there).
2. The Kriya Yoga discipline is psycho-physical: to qualify or to practice this discipline requires special anatomical constitution of the body. Certain mudras (Kriyas) like Mahamudra and Khecharimudra need a special type of body that one can get as per his/her providence.
(The physical fitness is essential in the primary stage. However, after the 5th step, pratyahara (interiorization), of eightfold Yoga, when a Kriyanwit seeker is successful, the rest three steps - dharana, dhyana, and samadhi - can be practiced on the mental plane: in this context, the mental plane means on the basis of the tranquil Breath. Since in Kriya Science, the mind is defined as restless breath; so tranquil Breath is tranquil mind. At this state the awareness becomes subtle and the physical body becomes immaterial, and so for some, it automatically levitates, although the person is not aware).
3. The Kriya discipline is Guru-param-para - it is taught or imparted from Guru to disciple, directly and personally from the mouth or lips of a Guru to disciple who 'sits near (upanisad)' to listen (sotri) and to learn (Guruvraktagamya) "learning from the living lips or mouth of a Guru". That is why the disciple is called sotriya.
4. Let us pose these questions: How does a dead person become Guru? How does the disembodied person get lips or mouth to give advice? The answers are obvious - 'can't'.
5. This ancient tradition is just, scientific, and reasonable. Violating the traditional principles of Guru-param-para and Guruvraktagamya in the name of modern democracy is the state of a perverted mind. Therefore, the violators are not practicing pure Kriya. They are practicing something of an unproven system.
The Original Kriya
Like the auspicious 108 number, there are 108 steps of the original Kriya.
Lahiri Mahasay received them from Mahamuni Babaji in Dunagiri Hill, Himalayas in 1861 and grouped (NOT MODIFIED) them into four on the line of the four Vedas (Rik, Sam, Yayur and Atharva), on the four sides of the body (front, back, left and right), and the four directions (east, west, north and south).
Thus whoever practices Original Kriya is practicing the Vedas of the Vedic culture regardless of his or her religious faith.
Attaining ATMA or the SELF (which is the undeniable ONLY self-evident TRUTH, eternally exists, and is all encompassing including skeptics) through the practice of Kriya Pranayam is SPIRITUALITY. Thus Kriya often is called “Atma-Kriya”.
Studying Kriya does not mean studying like in the schools, colleges, and universities for academic achievements. It is also not like theoretical intellectual exercise and philosophizing. Kriya is a positive science: The Science of Breath (Prana) is like physics and chemistry. The mind or the restless breath (according to Kriya) being the element or substance to be conducted (practiced) in the test tube of U shaped inhaling and exhaling in the body laboratory to become one with the Atma or Self which is the subject within. Thus by dissolving the duality (individual self) or destroying the character of a seer (individual self) and becoming One with the Self within or being Atmastha in the light of Yoga, or Tadatma (being one with That) in the light of Vedanta, the Kriyanwit seeker, the subjective scientist (being one with the Subject – the Self) becomes all pervading and all encompassing supreme Self or the Lord.
As Lahiri Mahasay condensed these 108 steps of the Original Kriyas and grouped (not modified) them into four (stated below), he took the responsibility strictly to maintain the tradition of Parampara, meaning, personally, teaching one on one (Master and disciple).
In today’s world of confusion with “the modifications of Kriyas”, “You tube generations” and initiation through video conference, the necessity arises to provide the road map of the Original Kriya. The following are fundamental considerations:
a) Learning directly from the mouth of a Guru - Guruvraktagamya,
According to Mahamuni Babaji - Requirements for Kriya Initiation:
The person must be honest and not a liar.
According to Lahiri Mahasay - Requirements for Kriya Initiation:
The person not smoke and drink.
The Road Map of the Original Kriya
It is comprised of the following Mudras and Kriyas:
Mahamudra (the Great Kriya); Navi Kriya (the Grand Center, the seat of the seeker – Kriyanwit or Kriyanwita); Khecharimudra or Talabya Kriya, the Aerial Mode or Inner-Outer-Space Kriya; First Kriya or Pranayam – Sarab (with sound), Nirab (without sound), Manasik (mental); and simple form of Yonimudra (Inner-beatific-Revelation-Kriya – this mudra must not be confused with Jyotimudra of modified Kriya).
Lahiri Mahasay once made a comment: Everything can be achieved by the First Kriya. (What he meant by the First Kriya was the entire group 1 and not a particular Kriya). For example, Vrinda Bhakat, a postal peon (mailman) did not need more Kriyas.
Only after the successful Talabya Kriya or Khecharimudra the second Kriya or Thokar/Thokkar Kriya is introduced in addition to group 1. It is a “Precondition” in the Original Kriya system. This is called sthir bayur Kriya (“Kriya of the tranquil Breath”), in addition to group 1.
At this higher stage, Brahma Yonimudra is introduced, and the greater dimension of Thokar Kriya also is advised, in addition to groups 1 and 2.
This is also a higher stage, when all Kriyas are integrated, all four sides of the body are integrated, and all four Vedas are revealed and integrated into Oneness, eternal Tranquility or Sthirattva (Peace or Brahma Nirvan). This is a state of Chira Mouna (Eternal Silence … ), in addition to groups 1, 2, and 3.
The Eternal Relationship of Master and Disciple
conclusion, it would be very appropriate to cite a couple of examples of the
eternal relationship of Master and disciple from classical scriptures like Yoga Vasistha Ramayan of Treta Yuga and from the Bhagavad Gita
(the Hindu Bible) of Dwapara
said, “O dear Rama! Whatever you have asked me this time, You had asked me
the same in a previous Ramayan
[meaning in the Ramayan
of a past Kalpa;
consists of the four Yugas
– Satya, Treta, Dwapara, and Kali]. At that time I
was the Guru
and you were the disciple. Also in that previous Kalpa you were Rama and I was Vasistha;
again, at that time also, you had developed the spirit of renunciation (Vairagya) and at my
arrival in some forest, this discourse of Guru-disciple, the delighted
dialogue between you and I took place. O dear Rama! At that time when I was
the Guru and you became the great intelligent disciple and you had asked me
about this vast subject.”
Lord Krisna said, “I taught this Yoga to the Sun god [from him developed the Sun dynasty (Surya bangsa)]; he taught to his son, Manu and Manu imparted it to his son, Ikkshaku [the forefather of Rama] and in this way, it transmitted from father to son developing a Guruparampara (tradition of Guru). However, since it disappeared from the earth, today, I imparted to you this ancient Kriya Yoga [the Science of Breath]. You and I have passed through many births. I remembered them all; you do not remember. [The statement indicated the eternal relationship of master and disciple]”.
The sage does not consider himself a Guru, nor does he seek any disciple. Instead, the ego-less sage considers himself as "nothing" or a servant of the Lord. He is not in a hurry; as he enjoys eternal tranquility rejoicing completeness within himself.
admittedly the seeker has to accept (Guru
varan kara), seek,
serve, and if they meet, being satisfied by the service rendered to him and
being questioned with an open and guileless heart by the seeker, the sage
gives advice, and thereby, their eternal relationship as Master and disciple
Surrendering wholeheartedly without any reservation, the seeker has to accept (Guru varan kara) FIRST; then the rest follows.
At the outset, it would be appropriate to define the two words: Yoga and Vedanta in proper perspective in the spiritual light.
Yoga is now a popular word in the West. Yoga is accepted as a form of physical exercises for physical fitness or it is some kind of Eastern ballet.
Yoga is none of that in its proper sense. Truly speaking, Yoga has nothing to do with any kind of physical thing. Let us see how Yogi Patanjali, popularly known as the founder of the Yoga discipline, in his Yoga Sutras, defined the word Yoga.
Yoga-chitta-vritti-nirodha - Which means "Yoga is a tranquil state of Consciousness when the waves (vrittis) of the heart (chitta) are eliminated (nirodha)". In other words, when the restless waves of the heart are made tranquil, it is a state of Yoga. The restless thoughts or the confused intellect of the heart and mind is dissolved, and then it is a state of Yoga, Sthirattva, eternal Tranquility, and Peace.
Therefore, Yoga is essentially a spiritual discipline; it has nothing to do with physical exercises. In reality, the asana (a posture of the body - seating) is a steadfast condition of the mind which consequently shapes the body posture, and so Yoga has nothing to do with the body. It is directly related with the heart and mind. So where is the scope of doing anything with the body? Its primary intension is to dissolve the mind and tranquilize the heart.
The West in reality got it all wrong about Yoga. People in the West have customized and accepted the Yoga for their physical benefits; it does not mean Yoga, the ancient spiritual discipline, have anything to do with the body.
Now, the word Vedanta; it can be scanned into two words: Veda which means "knowing" or "knowledge" and anta which means "the end"; therefore, the word Vedanta means "the end of knowing or knowledge."
Thus the combined perspective of Yoga and Vedanta brings the state of eternal Tranquility (Sthirattva) at the end of knowing (realizing the Self); with nothing more left to know as the knowing mind or the intellect itself is dissolved in its very Source, attaining the state of eternal Tranquility (Chira Santi) or eternal Silence (Chira Mauna)… .
“The BASIC and FUNDAMENTAL features of the teaching of yoga discipline is that the yoga practitioner should perform each Karma in life with EQUANIMITY treating success and failure ALIKE. (Samatang yoga uchyate. Bhagavad Gita 2:48) for it is Providence [DAIBA] that gives the result.
“Man expects high, though destiny might have decreed against him, and he receives happiness or sorrow as it might chance. Binding himself into the results through expectation [vasana], he attracts bondage into the cycle of birth and death and cannot release himself.
“Karmanye badhikaraste ma phalesu kadachana. Bhagavad Gita 2:47 ‘You have the right to practice Kriya, perform Karmas, but don’t expect results.’
“Therefore, the smart thing to do is to abandon the expectation of results and continue to practice sincerely and very strictly to the instruction and the order received personally (one on one basis) from the living lips of a Guru (Guruvaktragamya). Learning from the representatives in group of any organization, which are prohibited by Mahamuni Babaji, is false, because they lack the authority of command for a mantra to be effective.”
Necessary Authority of
It is absolutely necessary to know the meaning of a mantra and make it conscious (alive) to be effective; or else, chanting a mantra or japa a million times will not be effective and fruitful.
The verse says, “One who does not know the meaning of a mantra, or has not attained the awakened state of a mantra, and has not known of Yonimudra, his one hundred thousand or even one million japa will not bring him success.”
The explanation is: The true meaning (spirit or life) of all Mantras is breath (the wordings of a mantra are important but secondary), and the process of awakening a mantra from its dormitory state to the conscious state (chaitanya) is Kriya Pranayam. The practice of one hundred thousand or even one million japa without knowing (practicing) Yonimudra (not Jyoti Mudra as some propagate) will not bring success. The simple reason is that without making a mantra conscious (alive or chaitanya) thousands of chanting or japa will not be effective. This is certain. The dormant and inherent state of the inner Light (Jyoti) and the inner Sound (OM) of a mantra along with its vibrations (spandan), can only become alive if the person makes the breath tranquil (Sthira) by the practice of Kriya Pranayam. Thus the most important point is to attain the tranquil state of Breath (Sthira Prana) which makes a mantra conscious (alive or chaitanya) and generates the absolute necessary legitimate Authority of Command to be effective and fruitful.
The commercial and the mass group teaching through the organizations and through the representative lack that Authority, as a result, the whole thing becomes a farce exercise.
A small story could prove the point very well. In a small beautiful kingdom, peace and prosperity were prevailing when the king's very able prime minister sought six months leave to spend time with his Gurudev. “Why six months? What do you plan to do,” asked the king. The minister’s answer that he wanted to learn the Gayatri Mantra, left the king puzzled. The king knew it was a simple mantra.
Asking the minister to meet him the next day to discuss about the proposed leave, he sent for the head priest and learnt the mantra by heart. The next day, when the minister presented himself, the king recited the mantra twice, looked triumphantly at the minister and said, “For this, you wanted to take leave for six months? Were you joking yesterday? I learnt it in just two minutes.” Without blinking, the minister said, “You recited it alright but there is no authority, moral force or legitimacy of command in the recitation.”
The king was furious at being challenged. He thought old age was making the minister a little senile. A mantra is a mantra; he thought and asked the minister to prove that mantra recitation needed some kind of authority.
The minister called a servant and ordered, “Tie the king up.” The servant was shocked and did not even move. The king was now convinced that the minister had gone mad. In rage, he ordered the servant to tie up the minister. The servant immediately tied up the minister. The arrested minister laughed. A surprised king demanded an explanation.
The minister said, “Both of us gave the same order. But the servant only complied with your order because there was authority and legitimacy in your command.” Realization dawned on the king, who embraced the minister and sent him on leave to learn the mantra.
The Self, or the Atma alone exists eternally, and so it does not reincarnate. The popular notion is that the individual self or the jiva reincarnates, which is not correct. It is the mind (the restless breath in the light of Kriya), which is born, reincarnates, migrates to other bodies, and goes to other worlds. The objective world is a materialization of the mind and so in spirituality, renunciation of material things does not matter at all. It is the mind (restless breath or the ego) that needs to be renounced through the actual practice of pranayam or Kriya.
One will realize the Self, the Atma when all desires (vasana) would be renounced. Eternal happiness or contentment (santos) lies in the state of desirelessness (nirvasana). So be tranquil in Oneness within with the Self or the Atma.
Practice! Practice! Practice!
Constant undistracted practice is the real key to attain realization of the absolute Self. Because of wrong thinking for many incarnations, ignorance has firmly established its stronghold and so it appears as external objects (sangsar-adambar – the world-show). It is the monstrous mind that creates the unreal, magical, phenomenal, world-show and stretches it out in front of us through its own imagination to play the game of ensnarement (entrapment). Therefore, the external world, the subjective experiences and assertions are all ignorance.
Ignorance is of two kinds: superior (nivritti) and lower (pravritti). Nivritti or the subjective that draws in the outgoing vritti (modification or wave of the mind) is superior; the ignorance which tends to enjoy life – in the objective world is the lower one (pravritti). So destroy ignorance by superior ignorance (nivritti). To be free from this ensnarement of the mind one must engage to practice at the present moment and not on the thoughts of past and future. Ignorance ends in a similar way when the imagined snake is discovered to be really a piece of rope.
The Self (Atma) is beyond senses. Atma is realized when the mind and the senses subsiding completely in the Atma, are not operative at all.
A Vedantist would say – Knowledge is born of ignorance and destroys ignorance; a man in a dream is chased by a tiger and generates tremendous fear; remembering he has a gun, he shoots the tiger dead and awakes. The illusory gun shoots the illusory tiger and releases the man from fear. Similarly, Knowledge is born of ignorance and destroys ignorance. One who has awakened to spirituality is free from all fear and realizes the Self.
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